Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.


Common Name Soap Bush, Soap Tree, Red Ash, Humbug, Leatherjacket, Coopers Wood, Mountain Ash, Red Tweedie, Sarsaparilla, Red Almond
Community name(s) Soap Bush, Soap Tree, Red Ash
Communities Burrara, Djambarrpuyngu, Emi

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Rhamnaceae
Genus Alphitonia
Species excelsa
Sub Species
Scientific Name Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.
Synonyms Alphitonia philippinensis Braid, Alphitonia sp. Selwyn Ranges (L.P.Conroy 3), Alphitonia sp. Little Crystal Creek (A.R.Bean 5237), Alphitonia excelsa var. acutifolia Braid, Ceanothus excelsus (A.Cunn. ex Fenzl) Steud., Colubrina excelsa A.Cunn. ex Fenzl, Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. ex Fenzl) Benth. var. excelsa
Authority (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.
Year 1863
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. Flora Australiensis; Bentham, G., (1863)

Habit information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.


Botanical Description
Tree
Evergreen
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Usually found as a small tree. Bark usually somewhat fissured and corky towards the base of the trunk.
Leaves
Leaf blades about 3-11 x 1.8-6 cm, white or whitish on the underside. Stipules long and narrow, about 3-10 x 1 mm, gradually tapering to a fine point.
Flowers
Greenish, acute calyx lobes, about 1.5-2 mm long. Petals hooded, about 1.5 mm long. Stamens enveloped in the petals.
Fruit
5-9 mm diameter.
Seed
Inflexibly attached to the receptacle.
Flowering Season
Reference 1. Factsheet – Alphitonia excelsa; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)

Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.


Endemic to Australia Yes
Distribution Distribution in the World
Distribution in Australia
Occurs in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Cape York Peninsula, North East Queensland and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Alphitonia excelsa; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)

Additional Information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.



Customary Medicinal Information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.



Community name(s) Soap Bush, Red Ash
Communities Yaegl
Used for Antiseptic
Skin diseases
Skin sores
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Crushed leaves are used as a hand wash
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Soap Bush, Red Ash
Communities Yaegl
Used for Body pain
Plant part(s) used
Bark, root and wood
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Infusion
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.



Other Customary Use Information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.


Not shared with Public, login required to check the availability of this information

Scientific Information for Alphitonia excelsa (A. Cunn. Ex Fenzl) Benth.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions


Voucher number/MQ number A voucher specimen (AQ603041) has been deposited at the Queensland Herbarium, Brisbane, Australia.
Extraction and fractionation methods isolated from bark of Eurya Japonica
Bioassays used and protocols C30H48O3
Bioassay results 1/C30H48O3/c1-18(2)19-10-15-30(25(32)33)17-16-28(6)20(24(19)30)8-9-22-27(5)13-1 2-23(31)26(3,4)21(27)11-14-29(22,28)7/h19-24,31H,1,8-17H2,2-7H3,(H,32,33)/t19-, 20u,21-,22u,23-,24u,27-,28+,29+,30u/m0/s1/f/h32H
Related customary use Betulinic acid
Molecules Involved 1/C30H48O3/c1-18(2)19-10-15-30(25(32)33)17-16-28(6)20(24(19)30)8-9-22-27(5)13-1 2-23(31)26(3,4)21(27)11-14-29(22,28)7/h19-24,31H,1,8-17H2,2-7H3,(H,32,33)/t19-, 20u,21-,22u,23-,24u,27-,28+,29+,30u/m0/s1/f/h32H ??
Remarks Molecular Wgt 456.70032

Isolated Natural Products


Voucher number/MQ number M00201200120011
Natural Products test
Isolation Method test
Spectral Data test
Bioassays used and Protocols test
Bioassay Results test
Related Customary Use test
Remarks test
Reference source 1 1. A cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory biflavonoid from the seeds of Semecarpus anacardium; Selvam C, Sanjay,Jachak M, (2004)
Reference source 2 None / Not set