Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie


Common Name Black Bean, Moreton Bay Chestnut, Australian Chestnut, Beantree
Community name(s) Black Bean
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Fabaceae
Genus Castanospermum
Species australe
Sub Species
Scientific Name Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie
Synonyms Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. & C.Fraser ex Hook., Castanospermum australe var. brevivexillum F.M.Bailey, Castanospermum brevivexillum (F.M.Bailey) Domin, Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie var. australe
Authority A.Cunn. ex Mudie
Year 1829
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. The Picture of Australia; Mudie, R., (1829)

Habit information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie


Botanical Description
Tree
Evergreen
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Up to 35 m high, trunk up to 1.5 m in diameter, but usually smaller, mostly glabrous.
Leaves
Leaf blades about 7-20 x 3-5 cm, upper surface glossy, lower surface paler and dull, petiole 3–6 cm long.
Flowers
Calyx about 10 mm long. Petals about 30-40 mm long, yellow at anthesis, but changing to reddish as flowers age. Ten stamen, ovary on a long stalk.
Fruit
Large, often more than 15 cm long. Pod mostly 10–20 cm long, 4–6 cm in diameter, glabrous.
Seed
Large, about 3-4 cm or longer, brown. Testa smooth and relatively thin.
Flowering Season Spring.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Castanospermum australe ; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Castanospermum australe; Harden, G.J., (1991)

Habitat information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
New Caledonia and Vanuatu.
Distribution in Australia
Occurs along east coast of Australia, especially in Cape York Peninsula and South Eastern Queensland and north eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in Queensland from near sea level to 800 m. Grows in well developed rain forest but often found in gallery forest along creeks and rivers. Widespread in warmer rainforest, especially along rivers.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Castanospermum australe ; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Castanospermum australe; Harden, G.J., (1991)

Additional Information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie



Customary Medicinal Information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie



Customary Edible Information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie



Plant Part Used Seeds
Stage of Growth CAUTION POISONOUS IF PREPARED INCORRECTLY
Used as Starch
Nutritional Value
Preparation CAUTION POISONOUS IF PREPARED INCORRECTLY - Seeds are boiled well and pounded for eating. They are washed until all slime is removed. Floury balls are cooked over hot coals.
Remarks CAUTION POISONOUS IF PREPARED INCORRECTLY
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Other Customary Use Information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie



Scientific Information for Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. ex Mudie


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products