Pandanus tectorius Parkinson


Common Name Beach Pandan, Beach Pineapple, Screw Pine
Community name(s) Beach Pineapple
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Pandanaceae
Genus Pandanus
Species tectorius
Sub Species
Scientific Name Pandanus tectorius Parkinson
Synonyms Pandanus sinuvadosus H.St.John, Pandanus tectorius var. stradbrokensis (H.St.John) B.C.Stone, Pandanus tectorius var. pedunculatus (R.Br.) Domin, Pandanus yorkensis H.St.John, Pandanus odoratissimus L.f., Pandanus tectorius var. stradbrookeensis B.C.Stone, Pandanus tectorius var. cocosensis B.C.Stone, Pandanus tectorius var. yorkensis (H.St.John) B.C.Stone, Pandanus tectorius var. australianus Martelli, Pandanus pedunculatus R.Br.
Authority Parkinson
Year 1773
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. A Journal of a Voyage to the South Seas, in his Majesty's Ship, The Endeavour; Parkinson, S. , (1773)

Habit information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson


Botanical Description
Tree
Evergreen
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Small tree to 5 m high, prop roots, much branched stem, spiny trunk with conical nodules (warty). Plants male or female.
Leaves
Up to 1 m long, 5–8 cm wide, in 4 rows, spiralled, crowded towards apex of stems or branches, simple, linear, margins recurved, margins and midrib prickly, base sheathing.
Flowers
Terminal spike.
Fruit
Drupe, yellow or orange, ovoid-globose, about 12-18 cm long x 10-13 cm in diameter.
Seed
Solitary.
Flowering Season Throughout year
Reference 1. Factsheet – Pandanus tectorius; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Du Roi.; Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Habitat information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia.
Distribution in Australia
Exposed coastal headlands beaches from the Port Macquarie area to Cape York and Torres Strait islands in Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in littoral rainforest, sand dunes, coastal sandy areas and in microphyll vine forsests.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Pandanus tectorius; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. Pandanus tectorius; Australian Native Plants Society , (2016)

Additional Information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson



Customary Medicinal Information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson



Customary Edible Information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson



Plant Part Used Fruit
Stage of Growth
Used as Fruit
Nutritional Value
Preparation Eaten while at the beach, juice can be sucked out of the segments.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Other Customary Use Information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson



Scientific Information for Pandanus tectorius Parkinson


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products