Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.


Common Name Apple Gum, Swamp Box, Swamp Mahogany, Swamp Turpentine, Paperbark Mahogany
Community name(s) Apple Gum
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Myrtaceae
Genus Lophostemon
Species suaveolens
Sub Species
Scientific Name Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.
Synonyms Tristania rhytiphloia F.Muell., Tristania glaberrima Domin, Tristania suaveolens var. vulgaris Domin, Tristania suaveolens var. glabrescens F.M.Bailey, Tristania suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Sm. var. suaveolens, Tristania suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Sm., Melaleuca suaveolens Sol. ex Gaertn., Homaliopsis forbesii S.Moore, Lophostemon depressus Schott
Authority (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh
Year 1982
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. A review of the genus Tristania R.Br. (Myrtaceae): a heterogeneous assemblage of five genera; Wilson, P.G., Waterhouse, J.T., (1982)

Habit information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.


Botanical Description
Tree
Evergreen
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Large tree with red-brown, fibrous-papery, persistent bark.
Leaves
Leaves ovate to elliptic, in false whorls of 3–4 leaves. Lamina 9–15 cm long, 4–5 cm wide, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, leathery, light green, glabrous or villous; petiole 10–20 mm long.
Flowers
Inflorescences 3–7-flowered cymes. Sepals around 1 mm long, persistent in fruit. Petals circular, 4–5 mm long. Stamens very numerous, fascicles 3–5 mm long.
Fruit
Hemispherical, 5–8 mm diameter
Seed
1.5–2 mm long
Flowering Season October to December
Reference 1. Factsheet – Lophostemon suaveolens; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.); Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Habitat information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
Found in Papua New Guinea
Distribution in Australia
From north coast of NSW, through eastern QLD to Cape York Peninsula. Altitudinal range from sea level to 900 m. Grows in swampy open forest but also found on the margin of rain forest and gallery forest.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Lophostemon suaveolens; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)

Additional Information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.



Customary Medicinal Information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.



Community name(s) Apple Gum
Communities Yaegl
Used for Cuts and sores
Scabies
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Infusion in hot water
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Apple Gum
Communities Yaegl
Used for Cold
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation An infusion in hot water is inhaled.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Apple Gum
Communities Yaegl
Used for Antiseptic
Plant part(s) used
Bark
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Ash from bark is used as an antiseptic powder.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Apple Gum
Communities Yaegl
Used for Antiseptic
Plant part(s) used
Sap
Medicinal Properties
Preparation The milky sap is used as a face wash for acne and bad blemishes.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.



Other Customary Use Information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.



Scientific Information for Lophostemon suaveolens (Sol. ex Gaertn.) Peter G. Wilson & J.T. Waterh.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products