Smilax australis R. Br.


Common Name Wide Leaf Sarsaparilla, Sarsaparilla, Lawyer Vine, Austral Sarsaparilla, Smilax
Community name(s) Wide Leaf Sarsaparilla
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Smilacaceae
Genus Smilax
Species australis
Sub Species
Scientific Name Smilax australis R. Br.
Synonyms Ripogonum album R.Br., Smilax australis var. latifolia F.Muell., Smilax purpurata G.Forst., Smilax latifolia R.Br., Smilax elliptica R.Br., Smilax latifolia R.Br. var. latifolia, Rhipogonum album F.Muell., Smilax latifolia var. crassinervia A.DC., Smilax spinescens Miq.
Authority R.Brown
Year 1810
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae; Brown, R., (1810)

Habit information for Smilax australis R. Br.


Botanical Description
Liana & Vine
Trunk/Bark/Stem
A slender vine. Stems often clothed in short spines.
Leaves
Leaf blades fine veined, about 7-15 x 4.5-9 cm, petioles about 0.7-2 cm long. Stipules about 7 mm long, but can extend to form much longer tendrils.
Flowers
Male flowers: Pedicels about 9 mm long. Sepals about 5-6 mm long. Petals about 4-5 mm long. Stamens 6. Anthers about 1.5 mm long, filaments sinuous, about 3.5-4 mm long when straightened. Female flowers: Pedicels about 7-8 mm long. Sepals about 3.5-4 mm long. Petals about 3.5-4 mm long. Staminodes fine, hair-like.
Fruit
Globular, about 7-9 mm in diameter. On a slender stalk about 8-15 mm long.
Seed
1 or 2 per fruit, each tick-shaped, flattened on one side, about 4-5 x 4 mm. Testa very thin. Endosperm very hard.
Flowering Season All year, but chiefly spring-summer
Reference 1. Factsheet – Smilax australis; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Smilax australis; Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Habitat information for Smilax australis R. Br.


Endemic to Australia Yes
Distribution Distribution in the World
Distribution in Australia
Occurs in Western Australia, Northern Territory, Cape York Peninsula, North East Queensland and southwards as far as Victoria. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1300 m. Grows in wet sclerophyll forest, lowland, upland and mountain rain forest.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Smilax australis; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Smilax australis; Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Additional Information for Smilax australis R. Br.



Customary Medicinal Information for Smilax australis R. Br.



Community name(s) Wide Leaf Sarsaparilla
Communities Yaegl
Used for Blood cleanser
Plant part(s) used
Young leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Tonic
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Smilax australis R. Br.



Plant Part Used Young leaves
Stage of Growth
Used as Other
Nutritional Value
Preparation Young leaves are eaten raw, sometimes sprinkled with salt from mangrove leaves.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Other Customary Use Information for Smilax australis R. Br.



Scientific Information for Smilax australis R. Br.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products