Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.


Common Name Coastal Jackbean, Coastal Canavalia; Canavalia, Fire Bean, Mackenzie Bean
Community name(s) Coastal Jackbean
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Fabaceae
Genus Canavalia
Species rosea
Sub Species
Scientific Name Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.
Synonyms Canavalia maritima Thouars, Dolichos obtusifolius Lam., Canavali maritima Thouars, Dolichos roseus Sw., Canavalia baueriana Endl., Dolichos maritimus Aubl., Canavalia obtusifolia (Lam.) DC.
Authority (Sw.) DC.
Year 1825
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. Leguminosae. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis; Candolle, A.P., (1825)

Habit information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.


Botanical Description
Liana & Vine
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Slender vine, stem diameter of 2 cm.
Leaves
Middle leaflet blade grooved on the upper surface. Compound leaf petiole about 3.5-5.2 cm long, grooved on the upper surface. Stipules caducous. Stipels about 2.5-3 mm long. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin.
Flowers
Racemes longer than the leaves. Calyx tube about 12-14 mm long, lobes of unequal size, about 1.6-3.5 mm long. Petals about 25 mm long. Stamens - fused to form a tube about 15-18 mm long with free filaments projecting above the tube. Ovary elongated, densely clothed in appressed pale (whitish) hairs. Style glabrous. Stigma cup-shaped. About eight ovules.
Fruit
About 7-13.5 x 2-2.5 cm with raised lines along the edges.
Seed
4-10 per pod, ellipsoid.
Flowering Season
Reference 1. Factsheet – Canavalia rosea; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)

Habitat information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
Occurs in Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.
Distribution in Australia
Occurs along the coasts of Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range quite small, normally growing just above hide tide level. Occasionally found in beach forest and monsoon forest.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Canavalia rosea; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)

Additional Information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.



Customary Medicinal Information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.



Community name(s) Coastal Jackbean
Communities Yaegl
Used for Boils and sores
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Leaves are crushed and boiled and applied to skin to treat boils and sores that won't heal
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.



Other Customary Use Information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.



Scientific Information for Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products