Sida rhombifolia L.


Common Name Sida Retusa, Arrowleaf Sida, Common Sida, Arrowleaf, Sida-weed, Paddy's Lucerne, Paddy Lucerne, Cuba Jute, Broomjue Sida
Community name(s) Paddy Lucerne, Pattilusen
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Malvaceae
Genus Sida
Species rhombifolia
Sub Species
Scientific Name Sida rhombifolia L.
Synonyms Sida rhombifolia subsp. retusa (L.) Borss.Waalk., Sida retusa L., Sida rhombifolia L. subsp. rhombifolia
Authority Linnaeus
Year 1753
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. Flora of Australia Online - Pteridium esculentum; Australian Plant Census, (1998)
3. Species Plantarum 2; Linnaeus, C., (1753)

Habit information for Sida rhombifolia L.


Botanical Description
Shrub
Herb
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but can grow into a shrub about 1 m tall.
Leaves
Leaf blades about 3.5-7.5 x 1-3 cm, margins coarsely serrate. Stellate hairs present on younger leaves.
Flowers
Inflorescences usually one flowered. Calyx about 4-6 mm long with small stellate hairs present on the outer surface. Corolla about 6-8 mm long. More than 25 stamens, filaments fused to form a tube fused to the base of the petals. Pollen minutely spinulose. About 10 stigmas about ten. Stigmatic surfaces white.
Fruit
Consists of a dry persistent calyx containing up to ten wedge-shaped plumed nutlets which are attached by fine threads. Peduncles slender, about 30-40 mm long.
Seed
Cordate. Cotyledons folded and crumpled.
Flowering Season
Reference 1. Factsheet – Sida rhombifolia; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)

Habitat information for Sida rhombifolia L.


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
A cosmopolitan species, particularly in warmer regions (i.e. pan-tropical), that is thought to have originated in the Americas. Widely naturalised in New Zealand and on numerous Pacific islands.
Distribution in Australia
Occurs in Northern Territory, Northern and North East Queensland and southwards as far as Victoria. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from near sea level to 1200 m. Grows in disturbed areas and on the margins of rain forest.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Sida rhombifolia; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)
2. Sida rhombifolia; Weeds of Australia, (2016)

Additional Information for Sida rhombifolia L.



Customary Medicinal Information for Sida rhombifolia L.



Community name(s) Paddy Lucerne, Pattilusen
Communities Yaegl
Used for Stomach upsets
Stomach problems
Diarrhoea
Plant part(s) used
Young leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Chewed or eaten
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Paddy Lucerne, Pattilusen
Communities Yaegl
Used for Constipation
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation
Remarks The effect of the treatment is dependent on the dose.
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Sida rhombifolia L.



Other Customary Use Information for Sida rhombifolia L.



Scientific Information for Sida rhombifolia L.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products