Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.


Common Name Centella, Gotu Kola, Pennywort
Community name(s) Centella
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Apiaceae
Genus Centella
Species asiatica
Sub Species
Scientific Name Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
Synonyms Centella cordifolia (Hook.f.) Nannf., Hydrocotyle asiatica L.
Authority (L.) Urb.
Year 1879
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. Flora Brasiliensis; Urban, I. in Martius, C.F.P. von, (1879)

Habit information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.


Botanical Description
Shrub
Herb
Perennial Plant
Trunk/Bark/Stem
Stems creep over the soil surface and produce roots at the nodes.
Leaves
Leaf blades 30-50 mm in diameter, underside clothed in very fine, web-like hairs. Petiole 100-150 mm long, base winged and partly sheathing the stem.
Flowers
Inflorescence umbellate with 1, 4 or 6 flowers (about 3 mm in diameter) in each umbel. No calyx. Petals ephemeral, obovate to orbicular. Ovary bilobed, laterally compressed, about 2 x 2.5 mm, mainly red with two green glands at the apex. Two styles and two stigma.
Fruit
3-4 x 4 mm, laterally compressed and consisting of two mericarps.
Seed
3-4 x 2 mm, surface ornamented with longitudinal lines.
Flowering Season Mostly summer to autumn
Reference 1. Factsheet – Centella asiatica; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)

Habitat information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.


Endemic to Australia No
Distribution Distribution in the World
Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and wetland regions of the South-eastern United States of America.
Distribution in Australia
Found in all states in coastal and semi-arid areas. Grows mainly in damp places in swamps and various types of forest up to 1km altitude.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Centella asiatica; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al., (2010)

Additional Information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.



Customary Medicinal Information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.



Community name(s) Centella
Communities Yaegl
Used for Inflammation
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Leaves are eaten raw alone or in a salad to treat arthritis
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.



Other Customary Use Information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.



Scientific Information for Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products