Smilax glyciphylla Sm.


Common Name Narrow Leaf Sarsaparilla, Native Sarsaparilla, Sweet Sarsaparilla, Sweet Tea, Wild Liquorice
Community name(s) Narrow Leaf Sarsaparilla
Communities

Taxonomy


Kingdom Plantae
Phylum/Division Charophyta
Family Smilacaceae
Genus Smilax
Species glyciphylla
Sub Species
Scientific Name Smilax glyciphylla Sm.
Synonyms Ripogonum album R.Br., Smilax glycophylla Sm., Smilax glycyphylla Benth.
Authority Smith
Year 1790
References 1. National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS); Atlas of Living Australia, (2016)
2. The Australian Plant Name Index (APNI); Australian Plant Census, (2016)
3. Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales; Smith, J.E. in White, J. , (1790)

Habit information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.


Botanical Description
Liana & Vine
Trunk/Bark/Stem
A slender vine.
Leaves
Mostly 4–10 cm long, 1.5–4 cm wide, apex ± acute; lamina discolorous with lower surface glaucous, glabrous, 3-veined; petiole 5–10 mm long, twisted; stipular tendrils coiling up to 8 cm long.
Flowers
Male flowers: Flowers borne in umbels or panicles of umbels. Pedicels about 12-15 mm long. Sepals ovate, about 2.5 x 3 mm. Petals oblong, about 2.5-3 x 1 mm. Stamens six, anthers about 1.2 x 0.6 mm, +/- sessile. Female flowers: Pedicels about 6-8 mm long. Sepals ovate, about 2 x 1 mm. Petals oblong, about 2 x 0.8 mm. Staminodes linear, about 1-1.5 mm long. Ovary +/- globose, about 1 mm diam. Style absent. Stigma three-armed. Ovules one per locule.
Fruit
Globular or depressed globular, about 8-10 mm in diameter, on stalks about 4-7 mm long. Borne in umbels of 5-12.
Seed
One or two per fruit, each seed tick-shaped, about 6 x 4.5 mm. Embryo about 1.5 mm long, located at the blunt end of the seed just inside the testa.
Flowering Season Late spring to summer.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Smilax glyciphylla Sm. ; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Smilax glyciphylla Sm.; Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Habitat information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.


Endemic to Australia Yes
Distribution Distribution in the World
Distribution in Australia
Occurs from Cape York Peninsula and North East Queensland and southwards as far as south-eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1500 m. Widespread in rainforests, sclerophyll forests and woodlands, chiefly in coastal districts.
Reference 1. Factsheet – Smilax glyciphylla Sm. ; Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. , (2010)
2. New South Wales Flora Online - Smilax glyciphylla Sm.; Wilson, P.G., Waterh, J.T. , (1991)

Additional Information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.



Customary Medicinal Information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.



Community name(s) Narrow Leaf Sarsaparilla
Communities Yaegl
Used for Diabetes
Blood purifier
Kidney complaints
Skin problems
Plant part(s) used
Young leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Tonic
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Community name(s) Narrow Leaf Sarsaparilla
Communities Yaegl
Used for Cough
Chest complaints
Catarrh
Rheumatism
Syphilis
Cramps
Plant part(s) used
Leaves
Medicinal Properties
Preparation Concentrated infusion is used as a lotion.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Customary Edible Information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.



Plant Part Used Young leaves
Stage of Growth Young
Used as Other
Nutritional Value High Vitamin C content
Preparation Young leaves are eaten raw or drunk as a tea.
Remarks
Reference source 1 1. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the Yaegl Aboriginal community in northern New South Wales, Australia; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwada, J., Heron, R., Yaegl Community Elders, Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad S., Jamie, J., (2012)
2. Yaegl Medicinal Plant Resources Handbook ; Packer, J., Brouwer, N., Harrington, D., Gaikwad, J., Ranganathan, S., Vemulpad, S., Jamie, J., Yaegl Community Elders, (2011)
Reference source 2 None / Not set


Other Customary Use Information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.



Scientific Information for Smilax glyciphylla Sm.


Sample Collection

Crude Extract/Partitions/Fractions

Isolated Natural Products